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Exhibitions and records of works of art

Prince Albert recognised the importance of photography to record and document notable exhibitions and works of art


A study for The Massacre of the Innocents

c. 1857

Albumen print? | RCIN 2864390

A photograph of a red chalk drawing by Raphael (c. 1510-1511) depicting 'The Massacre of the Innocents' now in the Royal Library, Windsor (RCIN 912737).

This drawing is a study for an engraving by Marcantonio Raimondi (see RCIN 850413 for the print). This drawing features a design for a salver on the verso: see RCIN 854250 for a photograph of the verso.

'The Massacre of the Innocents' was produced during the early years of the collaboration between Marcantonio and Raphael; six drawings by Raphael related to this composition survive, though no painting is known. See also RCINs 850419, 850422, 850424 and 850425 for photographs of the other drawings.

A copy of this photograph (RCIN 850421) can be found in the Prince Consort's Raphael Collection, portfolio 5 (970564)

  • Creator(s)

    After Raphael (Urbino 1483-Rome 1520) (artist)

    Charles Thurston Thompson (1816-68)


  • Acquire by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert

  • Subject(s)
    • People
      • Children
    Object type(s)
      • visual works
        • photographs
  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    Clayton 1999 : Clayton, M. Raphael and his Circle. Drawings from Windsor Castle, London
    pp.80-85, no. 20 recto

    P&W : Popham, A.E. & Wilde, J., 1949. The Italian Drawings of the XV and XVI Centuries in the Collection of His Majesty The King at Windsor Castle, London
    p. 310-311, no. 0793

    Joannides 1983 : Joannides, P., 1983. The Drawings of Raphael, with a complete catalogue, Oxford
    p. 205, no. 288r

    Shoemaker/Broun 1981 : I. Shoemaker and E. Broun. The Engravings of Marcantonio Raimondi: Spencer Museum of Art; The Ackland Art Museum, 1981
    pp.96-99, no. 21; pp.108-109, no. 26

    Raphael Invenit 1985 : G. Bernini Pezzini et al., Raphael Invenit. Stampe di Raffaello nelle Collezioni dell'Istituto Nazionale per la Grafica, Rome, 1985
    p. 172, no. VI.1-2 (entries written by Stefania Massari)