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The frescoes in the Vatican Palace commissioned by Popes Julius II and Leo X

Pietro Santi Bartoli (1635-1700)

The Doctrine of the Two Swords c.1655-90

Etching | 11.0 x 12.2 cm (sheet of paper) | RCIN 852662

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An etching after one of the compositions in the window embrasures of the southern (Jurisprudence) wall of the Stanza della Segnatura in the Vatican. Lettered with artists' names and Bible quote (Luke 22). This is the left-hand fragment of a wider etching also reproducing A Pope celebrating the Mass, a composition painted in the window embrasure of the Stanza di Eliodoro. The right-hand fragment of the etching, lettered with production details, can be found at RCIN 852798.

Published in Picturae omniumque bonarium Artium Cultori eximio..., a series of 15 plates (including title-page with dedication to Nicolò Simonelli) reproducing monochromes designed by Raphael for the Vatican stanze and the Sistine Chapel tapestries. The plates were etched by Pietro Santi Bartoli and the series was published in Rome by Gian Giacomo de Rossi. For further discussion, see Bibliographic References.

A related study attributed to Raphael for this composition is now in the Royal Library at Windsor Castle (RCIN 903720r).
  • Creator(s)

    Pietro Santi Bartoli (1635-1700) (etcher)

    After Raphael (Urbino 1483-Rome 1520) (artist)

    Pietro Santi Bartoli (1635-1700) (designer)

    Giovanni Giacomo de' Rossi (1627-91) (publisher)

  • 11.0 x 12.2 cm (sheet of paper)

  • Domine ecce duo gladij hic. Luc 22.

  • Added to the Prince Consort's Raphael Collection (c.1853-76)

  • Object type(s)
      • visual works
        • prints
    Subject(s)
    • Places
      • Europe
        • Italy
          • Lazio [Italy]
            • Rome [Lazio]
              • Vatican City [Rome]
                • Vatican Palace [Vatican City]
                  • Stanza della Segnatura [Vatican Palace]
                    • Vatican-Stanza della Segnatura-Window Embrasures
  • Other number(s)

    Ruland p.198 H.7

    Bibliographic reference(s)

    Raphael Invenit 1985 : G. Bernini Pezzini et al., Raphael Invenit. Stampe di Raffaello nelle Collezioni dell'Istituto Nazionale per la Grafica, Rome, 1985 p.59, no.VI.6 (entry by Simonetta Prosperi Valenti Rodinò)

    Höper 2001 : Höper, C. Raffael und die Folgen, Hatje Cantz Verlag, 2001 pp.393-4, no.F 7.1.3