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The frescoes in the Vatican Palace commissioned by Popes Julius II and Leo X

Bernard Picart (1673-1733)

Auxiliary cartoon for the head of a Muse dated 1725

Etching | 30.2 x 23.9 cm (sheet of paper) | RCIN 852499

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A print after a drawing by Raphael (c.1510) when in the collection of Gosuinus Uilenbroek, Amsterdam. Dated on plate below image, and numbered at top right. Lettered with name of the etcher and provenance of the work. Included in B. Picart, Impostures Innocentes, Amsterdam 1734, plate 8. The drawing is currently in a Private Collection (sold at Christie's, London, 8 December 2009, lot 43). A copy of Picart's volume can be found at RCIN 809004.

The drawing is an auxiliary cartoon for the head of the third standing muse to the right of Apollo in Raphael's fresco of Parnassus, painted in c.1510-11 in the Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican. Although the identification of the figure is the subject of ongoing debate, today's most plausible identification seems to be Terpsichore, the muse ruling over dance and theatrical choruses. A photograph of the drawing can be found at RCIN 852497.
  • Creator(s)

    Bernard Picart (1673-1733) (etcher)

    After Raphael (Urbino 1483-Rome 1520) (artist)

  • 30.2 x 23.9 cm (sheet of paper)

    21.7 x 15.0 cm (platemark)

  • Added to the Prince Consort's Raphael Collection (c.1853-76)

  • Object type(s)
      • visual works
        • prints
    • Places
      • Physiography
        • Mountains
      • Europe
        • Greece
          • Mount Parnassus [Greece]
    • Religion & Theology
      • Religions and faiths
        • Religions of antiquity
          • Classical mythology
            • Muses
  • Other number(s)

    Ruland p.187 C.I.84

    Bibliographic reference(s)

    Joannides 1983 : Joannides, P., 1983. The Drawings of Raphael, with a complete catalogue, Oxford p.193, no.245

    Höper 2001 : Höper, C. Raffael und die Folgen, Hatje Cantz Verlag, 2001 p.383, no.F 3.5