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The frescoes in the Vatican Palace commissioned by Popes Julius II and Leo X

Marcantonio Raimondi (c. 1480-1534)

Apollo on Parnassus c.1517-20

Engraving | 35.8 x 46.6 cm (sheet of paper) | RCIN 852473

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An engraving after a lost preparatory study (or finished modello) by Raphael for his fresco of the Parnassus, painted in c.1510-11 in the Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican. Lettered at lower centre: RAPHAEL PINXIT IN VATICANO. Signed with the engraver's monogram at lower centre: MAF. With indecipherable mark at lower right.

The stylistic inconsistency of the print has suggested that the plate may have not been entirely engraved by Marcantonio, but completed by an assistant. For further discussion, see Bibliographic References.
  • Creator(s)

    Marcantonio Raimondi (c. 1480-1534) (engraver)

    After Raphael (Urbino 1483-Rome 1520) (designer)

    Subject(s)
    Dante Alighieri (1265-1321)
    Homer (active 850 BC?)
    Virgil (70-19 BC)
  • 35.8 x 46.6 cm (sheet of paper)

  • Added to the Prince Consort's Raphael Collection (c.1853-76)

  • Object type(s)
      • visual works
        • prints
    Subject(s)
    • People
      • Poets
    • Religion & Theology
      • Religions and faiths
        • Religions of antiquity
          • Classical mythology
            • Muses
            • Apollo (myth)
    • Places
      • Europe
        • Greece
          • Mount Parnassus [Greece]
        • Italy
          • Lazio [Italy]
            • Rome [Lazio]
              • Vatican City [Rome]
                • Vatican Palace [Vatican City]
                  • Stanza della Segnatura [Vatican Palace]
                    • Vatican-Stanza della Segnatura-Parnassus
    • Language, Linguistics and Literature
      • Literature
        • Poetry
  • Other number(s)

    Ruland p.186 C.I.58

    Bibliographic reference(s)

    Shoemaker/Broun 1981 : I. Shoemaker and E. Broun. The Engravings of Marcantonio Raimondi: Spencer Museum of Art; The Ackland Art Museum, 1981 pp.155-7, no.48b (entry by Innis H. Shoemaker)

    Raphael Invenit 1985 : G. Bernini Pezzini et al., Raphael Invenit. Stampe di Raffaello nelle Collezioni dell'Istituto Nazionale per la Grafica, Rome, 1985 pp.34-5, no.II.1 (entry by Stefania Massari)

    Höper 2001 : Höper, C. Raffael und die Folgen, Hatje Cantz Verlag, 2001 p.382, no.F 3.1