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Most notably the tapestries Raphael designed for the Sistine Chapel

Tullio Marcucci (active 19th century)

The Descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles and the Virgin Mary (The Pentecost) c.1850-1900

Engraving | 47.5 x 49.7 cm (platemark) | RCIN 853306

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A print reproducing the tapestry of The Descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles, one from a twelve-piece set depicting scenes from the Life of Christ, traditionally known as the Scuola Nuova (eleven of which survive today in the Vatican Museums).

Lettered with production details, dedication and dedicatee's coat of arms. With pencil annotations on the front. Described as from Pietro de Brognoli's series of prints after Raphael's Stanze frescoes and Vatican tapestries dated 1874 (Höper 2001). Not in Ruland (1876).

The Scuola Nuova set was probably commissioned by Pope Leo X, but the project seems to have been reactivated by Clement VII after his election as pope in 1523. Apparently designed by Raphael’s former assistants after the death of the master (perhaps incorporating some models by Raphael himself), the tapestries were woven in the workshop of Pieter van Aelst and completed by 1531, when the set was delivered to Rome. Ruland (1876) seemed to accept the view that the Scuola Nuova set was a gift to Leo X from Francis I on the occasion of the canonization of Francesco di Paola in 1519; this view has been recently rejected. For further discussion, see Bibliographic References.
  • Creator(s)

    Tullio Marcucci (active 19th century) (engraver)

    After a work by the workshop of Raphael (Urbino 1483-Rome 1520) (designer)

    Nicola Ortis (1818-97) (designer)

    Angelo Biggi (active 19th century) (printer)

    Isidoro de Hoyos y Rubín de Celis, Marqués de Hoyos, Vizconde de Manzanera (1793-1876) (dedicatee)

    Pietro Brognoli (active c. 1874) (dedicator)

    Subject(s)
    Blessed Virgin Mary
  • annotation: Pf. 33. B / p.258. Scuola Nuova - X. 2.a [front, lower left]
  • 47.5 x 49.7 cm (platemark)

  • LA PENTECOSTE

  • Added to the Prince Consort's Raphael Collection (after 1876)

  • Object type(s)
      • visual works
        • prints
  • Other number(s)

    Ruland p.258 C.X.2a(add)

    Bibliographic reference(s)

    Raphael Invenit 1985 : G. Bernini Pezzini et al., Raphael Invenit. Stampe di Raffaello nelle Collezioni dell'Istituto Nazionale per la Grafica, Rome, 1985 p.143, no.X.3 (entry by Grazia Bernini Pezzini)

    Höper 2001 : Höper, C. Raffael und die Folgen, Hatje Cantz Verlag, 2001 p.507, no.H 23.2

    Tapestry in the Renaissance 2002 : Tapestry in the Renaissance. Art and Magnificence, ed. Thomas P. Campbell, The Metropolitan Museum of Art 2002 pp.236-41