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Raphael's drawings, as well as those attributed to him in the 19th century

Anne Claude Philippe, Comte de Caylus (1692-1765)

Hygieia (or Salus?) and Venus Victrix c.1720-1755

Etching | 25.9 x 33.4 cm (sheet of paper) | RCIN 854573

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A reversed etching of a drawing by the school of Raphael depicting Hygieia (or Salus?) and Venus Victrix now in the Louvre, Paris (inv. no. 3878 recto). See RCIN 854569 for a photograph of the recto and RCIN 854570 for a photograph of the verso. This print is signed by the printmaker and lettered with the attribution of the drawing to Raphael and its location in the 'Cabinet du Roy'. This print was published in 'Cabinet du Roy', a set of etchings executed by the Comte de Caylus reproducing drawings from the French Royal collection. Annotated on the verso. On watermarked paper.

Cordellier and Py (see Bibliographic References) catalogued this drawing as a study by an artist in Raphael's studio (Giulio Romano?). They suggested that the motifs here depicted were borrowed from imperial Roman coins, while Ruland (1876) believed the source to be a bas-relief. See also RCINs 854571 and 854572 for photographs of drawings depicting similar compositions now in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. The Venus Victrix is also found on the stuccoes of the pilasters of the Vatican Logge (c.1517-19).  

  • Creator(s)

    Anne Claude Philippe, Comte de Caylus (1692-1765) (etcher)

    After a work by the workshop of Raphael (Urbino 1483-Rome 1520) (draughtsman)

    After? Giulio Romano (Rome c. 1499-Mantua 1546) (draughtsman)

  • watermark: A Maltese cross in a circle [verso, centre, similar to n. 942 (Cross) in Heawood, Watermarks, vol. I, 1969]
    annotation: Studies 4 [verso, centre, in ink]
  • 25.9 x 33.4 cm (sheet of paper)

    25.6 x 32.8 cm (platemark)

  • Added to the Prince Consort's Raphael Collection (c.1853-76)

  • Object type(s)
      • visual works
        • prints
    • Religion & Theology
      • Religions and faiths
        • Religions of antiquity
          • Classical mythology
            • Venus (mythology)
              • Venus Victrix
            • Hygieia [Greek and Roman goddess]
    • Natural Sciences & Mathematics
      • Zoology
        • Animals
          • Reptiles
            • Snakes
    • Arts, Recreation, Entertainment & Sport
      • Plastic arts
        • Numismatics
          • Coins
    • Science, Medicine and Technology
      • Engineering & Technology
        • Military engineering
          • Arms (weapons)
            • Armour
              • Shields (armour)
  • Other number(s)

    Ruland pp. 346-347 A.XII.5

    Bibliographic reference(s)

    Cordellier/Py 1992 : Raphael : son atelier, ses copistes, 1992 / par Dominique Cordellier et Bernadette Py, Paris (Inventaire general des dessins Italiens ; V / sous la direction de Francoise Viatte) p. 457, no. 789