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The frescoes in the Vatican Palace commissioned by Popes Julius II and Leo X

Raphael Morghen (1758-1833)

Three Cardinal Virtues: Fortitude, Prudence, Temperance [from 'The Jurisprudence Wall'] c.1778-1823

Engraving | 43.5 x 75.0 cm (sheet of paper) | RCIN 852592

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An engraving reproducing the lunette painted over the window on the south wall of the Stanza della Segnatura in the Vatican, also known as Jurisprudence Wall. Lettered with production details and dedication by Giovanni Volpato to Pope Pius VI (r.1775-99. Numbered in the lower right corner: IX.

Although the engraving bears resemblance to Volpato's series of plates after Raphael's frescoes in the Vatican (see RCINs 852371, 852458), it does not seem to belong to it. See Bibliographic References.

The fresco depicts the personification of three of the four cardinal virtues: Fortitude, Prudence and Temperance (from left to right). The personification of the fourth virtue, Justice, is painted in a roundel on the ceiling of the Stanza.
  • Creator(s)

    Raphael Morghen (1758-1833) (engraver)

    After Raphael (Urbino 1483-Rome 1520) (artist)

    Stefano Tofanelli (1752-1812) (designer)

    Giovanni Volpato (1733-1803) (publisher)

    Giovanni Volpato (1733-1803) (director)

    Pope Pius VI (1717-99) (dedicatee)

    Giovanni Volpato (1733-1803) (dedicator)

  • 43.5 x 75.0 cm (sheet of paper)

  • Added to the Prince Consort's Raphael Collection (c.1853-76)

  • Object type(s)
      • visual works
        • prints
    • Places
      • Europe
        • Italy
          • Lazio [Italy]
            • Rome [Lazio]
              • Vatican City [Rome]
                • Vatican Palace [Vatican City]
                  • Stanza della Segnatura [Vatican Palace]
                    • Vatican-Stanza della Segnatura-Jurisprudence wall
  • Other number(s)

    Ruland p.194 E.I.2

    Bibliographic reference(s)

    Raphael Invenit 1985 : G. Bernini Pezzini et al., Raphael Invenit. Stampe di Raffaello nelle Collezioni dell'Istituto Nazionale per la Grafica, Rome, 1985 p.41, no.V.4 (entry by Grazia Bernini Pezzini)

    Höper 2001 : Höper, C. Raffael und die Folgen, Hatje Cantz Verlag, 2001 p.386, no.F 4.1