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The frescoes in the Vatican Palace commissioned by Popes Julius II and Leo X

Giorgio Ghisi (1520-82)

The School of Athens (left half) c.1550

Engraving | 50.9 x 42.6 cm (sheet of paper) | RCIN 852527

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A proof engraving of the left-hand plate of a two-plate print reproducing (with some differences) Raphael's fresco of The School of Athens, painted in c.1509-10 in the Stanza della Segnatura in the Vatican. Stamped with the collector's mark of Peter Lely (Lugt 2092). Annotated in ink at lower right.

The scene is identified on the print as St Paul preaching in Athens, a story told in the Acts of the Apostles (chapter XVII) and summarised in the inscription lettered in the lower left corner. Ghisi adapted the arched fresco to a rectangular format by continuing the architecture in the upper corners. It is one of very few works from the great collection of Sir Peter Lely (dispersed 1688–94) now to be found in the Royal Collection – evidence of how little royal collecting of prints and drawings took place in the decades following the death of Charles II in 1685.

For an impression of the final two-plate engraving, and for further discussion see RCIN 852526.
  • Creator(s)

    Giorgio Ghisi (1520-82) (engraver)

    After Raphael (Urbino 1483-Rome 1520) (artist)

    Subject(s)
    Aristotle (384-322 BC)
    Diogenes (d. c. 323 BC)
    Euclid (active 300 BC)
    Ptolemy (c. 100-c. 178)
    Zoroaster
    Socrates (469-399 BC)
  • annotation: I.50. [front, lower right, in brown ink]
  • 50.9 x 42.6 cm (sheet of paper)

  • Added to the Prince Consort's Raphael Collection (c.1853-76)

  • Object type(s)
      • visual works
        • prints
    Subject(s)
    • Places
      • Europe
        • Italy
          • Lazio [Italy]
            • Rome [Lazio]
              • Vatican City [Rome]
                • Vatican Palace [Vatican City]
                  • Stanza della Segnatura [Vatican Palace]
                    • Vatican-Stanza della Segnatura-School of Athens
  • Other number(s)

    Ruland p.189 D.I.3