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The frescoes in the Vatican Palace commissioned by Popes Julius II and Leo X

Raphael Morghen (1758-1833)

Poetry c.1775-1785

Engraving with etching | 46.1 x 42.1 cm (sheet of paper) | RCIN 852622

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A print reproducing one of the four roundels painted on the vault of the Stanza della Segnatura in the Vatican (see RCIN 852621 for a photograph of the painting). Lettered with title and production details below image. One from a series of four engravings reproducing the four roundels in the stanza. The remaining prints from the series can also be found in the Raphael Collection: Theology (RCIN 852613), Philosophy (RCIN 852633), and Justice (RCIN 852637). Passavant (1860) dated the engraving after 'Theology' 1781. The same date was indicated by Engelmann (1866) for the whole series.

This roundel depicts the allegorical figure of Poetry, flanked by two winged putti holding inscribed panels, from the vault of the Stanza della Segnatura, where it is painted above the fresco of 'Parnassus'. From 1508 until his death in 1520, Raphael undertook the decoration of a number of spaces in the Vatican Palace for, first, Pope Julius II and, later, Leo X. The first of these commissions was for what was probably the Pope's private library, known as the Stanza della Segnatura. The major aspects of the decorative scheme of the room are as follows: personifications of Poetry, Theology, Jurisprudence and Philosophy in roundels on the vault, with four narrative scenes known as the School of Athens, the Parnassus, the Disputa and the Three Cardinal Virtues on the walls below. There is a preparatory drawing by Raphael for Poetry in the Royal Collection (see RCIN 912734).
  • Creator(s)

    Raphael Morghen (1758-1833) (engraver)

    After Raphael (Urbino 1483-Rome 1520) (artist)

    Bernardino Nocchi (1741-1812) (designer)

    Giovanni Volpato (1733-1803) (publisher)

    Giovanni Volpato (1733-1803) (director)

  • 46.1 x 42.1 cm (sheet of paper)

    41.5 x 37.5 cm (platemark)

  • POESIS / Picta in fornice imminet Parnaso

  • Added to the Prince Consort's Raphael Collection (c.1853-76)

  • Object type(s)
      • visual works
        • prints
    • Places
      • Europe
        • Italy
          • Lazio [Italy]
            • Rome [Lazio]
              • Vatican City [Rome]
                • Vatican Palace [Vatican City]
                  • Stanza della Segnatura [Vatican Palace]
                    • Vatican-Stanza della Segnatura-Ceiling
  • Other number(s)

    Ruland p.195 F.II.2

    Bibliographic reference(s)

    Engelmann : Engelmann, W. Beschreibendes Verzeichnis einer Privatsammlung von Kupferstichen. 1.Raphael. Leipzig 1866 pp.61, 94, no.74

    Raphael Invenit 1985 : G. Bernini Pezzini et al., Raphael Invenit. Stampe di Raffaello nelle Collezioni dell'Istituto Nazionale per la Grafica, Rome, 1985 p.43, no.VI.11 (entry by Grazia Bernini Pezzini)

    Höper 2001 : Höper, C. Raffael und die Folgen, Hatje Cantz Verlag, 2001 p.389, no.F 6.9