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Vatican Frescoes

Vatican Frescoes


Moses closing the waters of the Red Sea on Pharaoh's army


Etching | 16.7 x 31.7 cm (sheet of paper) | RCIN 852792

An etching after one of the compositions generally thought to have been frescoed in monochrome on the window-embrasures of the Stanza di Eliodoro in the Vatican; reproduced in reverse. Lettered with artists' names and publishing line. Bible quote along the lower margin (Exodus 14:27).

Published in 'Picturae omniumque bonarium Artium Cultori eximio...', a series of 15 plates (including title-page with dedication to Nicolò Simonelli) reproducing monochromes supposedly designed by Raphael for the Vatican stanze and the Sistine Chapel tapestries. The plates were etched by Pietro Santi Bartoli and the series was published in Rome by Gian Giacomo de Rossi. For further discussion, see Bibliographic References.

Related drawings are now in the Royal Library at Windsor Castle (RCIN 905432) and at the Uffizi in Florence.
  • Creator(s)

    Pietro Santi Bartoli (1635-1700) (etcher)

    After Raphael (Urbino 1483-Rome 1520) (artist)

    Pietro Santi Bartoli (1635-1700) (designer)

    Giovanni Giacomo de' Rossi (1627-91) (publisher)

  • 16.7 x 31.7 cm (sheet of paper)

    9.8 x 25.4 cm (platemark)

  • Cum extendisset Moyses manum contra mare reversae sunt aquae et operuerunt currus et equites cuncti exercitus / Pharaonis. Exod. 1. Cap. 14

  • Added to the Prince Consort's Raphael Collection (c.1853-76)

  • Subject(s)
    • Places
      • Europe
        • Italy
          • Lazio [Italy]
            • Rome [Lazio]
              • Vatican City [Rome]
                • Vatican Palace [Vatican City]
                  • Stanza d'Eliodoro [Vatican Palace]
  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    p.318, under no.814 (P&W : Popham, A.E. & Wilde, J., 1949. The Italian Drawings of the XV and XVI Centuries in the Collection of His Majesty The King at Windsor Castle, London)

    p.59, no.VI.8 (entry by Simonetta Prosperi Valenti Rodinò) (Raphael Invenit 1985 : Bernini Pezzini, G. et al., 1985. Raphael Invenit. Stampe di Raffaello nelle Collezioni dell'Istituto Nazionale per la Grafica, Rome)

    p.395, no.F 7.1.9 (Höper 2001 : Höper, C. Raffael und die Folgen, Hatje Cantz Verlag, 2001)