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The frescoes in the Vatican Palace commissioned by Popes Julius II and Leo X

Agostino dei Musi (c. 1490-after 1536)

A Young Hero near an Altar c.1510-30

Engraving | 24.2 x 18.8 cm (sheet of paper) | RCIN 852572

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An engraving of a young warrior wearing a helmet standing in front of a flaming altar, surrounded by pieces of armour. Signed with engraver's monogram on a slab at lower left: AV.

The figure of the warrior is derived from the figure of the armoured man standing below the niched statue of Apollo in Raphael's School of Athens, generally identified as Alcibiades. However, because of the slight differences between the two figures (including the helmet surmounted by a dragon and not, as in the fresco, by a plume) it has been suggested that the figure in Agostino's engraving may have been taken not from the fresco, but from a preliminary study for the figure.

A red chalk drawing now in the British Museum (inv. no.1946,0713.500) shows a figure corresponding exactly with the warrior in Agostino's engraving, except that it is undraped. Pouncey/Gere (1962) suggested that the drawing is an offset from what was a copy of a sheet of studies by Raphael for the figure of Alcibiades. For further discussion, see Bibliographic References.
  • Creator(s)

    Agostino dei Musi (c. 1490-after 1536) (engraver)

    After Raphael (Urbino 1483-Rome 1520) (artist)

    Alcibiades (c. 450-404 BC)
  • 24.2 x 18.8 cm (sheet of paper)

  • Added to the Prince Consort's Raphael Collection (c.1853-76)

  • Object type(s)
      • visual works
        • prints
    • Places
      • Europe
        • Italy
          • Lazio [Italy]
            • Rome [Lazio]
              • Vatican City [Rome]
                • Vatican Palace [Vatican City]
                  • Stanza della Segnatura [Vatican Palace]
                    • Vatican-Stanza della Segnatura-School of Athens
  • Other number(s)

    Ruland p.192 D.119

    Bibliographic reference(s)

    Catalogue of the Department of Prints and Drawings in the British Museum. v. P. Pouncey and J.A.Gere, Raphael and His Circle (1962); p.37, under no.45

    Raphael Invenit 1985 : G. Bernini Pezzini et al., Raphael Invenit. Stampe di Raffaello nelle Collezioni dell'Istituto Nazionale per la Grafica, Rome, 1985 p.39, no.IV.4 (entry Stefania Massari)

    Cordellier/Py 1992 : Raphael : son atelier, ses copistes, 1992 / par Dominique Cordellier et Bernadette Py, Paris (Inventaire general des dessins Italiens ; V / sous la direction de Francoise Viatte) p.138

    Höper 2001 : Höper, C. Raffael und die Folgen, Hatje Cantz Verlag, 2001 p.376, no.F 2.4