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Raphael's drawings, as well as those attributed to him in the 19th century

After a work by the circle of Pietro Perugino (Città della Pieve c. 1450-Fontignano 1523)

A lion published 1829

Etching | 20.3 x 24.5 cm (sheet of paper) | RCIN 854506

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A facsimile etching of a drawing depicting a lion now in the Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice (inv. no. 17 recto). See RCIN 854505 for a photograph of the drawing. This print was catalogued by Ruland (1876) as having been 'published by Celotti'; by this he was presumably referring to Luigi Celotti's 'Disegni originali di Raffaello Sanzio, per la prima volta pubblicati (da Luigi Celotti), esistenti nella Imperial Regia Accademia di belle arti di Venezia' (1829). Lettered with attribution of the drawing to Raphael, and numbered within the plate at top right: VII.

This drawing features a study of a kneeling woman on the verso (see RCIN 851291 for a photograph of the verso).

Ferino Pagden (see Bibliographic References) described this drawing as Peruginesque in style, referring also to some paintings in which lions are depicted in a similar, though not identical, way. The most direct relationship is with the painting 'St Jerome and the Magdalene' by Perugino (now in the Galleria Nazionale dell'Umbria and reproduced in the catalogue of the drawings of the Gallerie dell'Accademia). Other similar lions are in 'St Jerome in the desert' (now in the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna) and in a 'Sacra Conversazione' (now at Chantilly), both considered as by Perugino's workshop.

This drawing is part of the so-called "Libretto di Raffaello" or "Libretto Veneziano", 53 sheets that used to be mounted in a volume. After complicated negotiations, the sketchbook was bought by the museum in the 1820s, after the death of Giuseppe Bossi, who was its previous owner. A number of scholars debated the author of the drawings (with many names proposed, such as Pinturicchio, Antonio da Viterbo, Eusebio del Giorgio, Girolamo Genga) and their date. In 1984, the Gallerie dell'Accademia catalogued the drawings as by an artist contemporary to Raphael, whose juvenile works he copied in this sketchbook (see Bibliographic References).

  • Creator(s)

    After a work by the circle of Pietro Perugino (Città della Pieve c. 1450-Fontignano 1523) (artist)

    After a work previously attributed to Raphael (Urbino 1483-Rome 1520) (artist)

    Luigi Celotti (1759-1843) (publisher)

  • 20.3 x 24.5 cm (sheet of paper)

    15.6 x 18.5 cm (platemark)

  • Added to the Prince Consort's Raphael Collection (c.1853-76)

  • Object type(s)
      • visual works
        • prints
    • Natural Sciences & Mathematics
      • Zoology
        • Animals
          • Mammals
            • Carnivorous mammals
              • Felines
                • Lions
  • Other number(s)

    Ruland p. 339 A.I.2

    Bibliographic reference(s)

    Gallerie dell' Accademia di Venezia : catalogo dei disegni antichi. v. S. Ferino Pagden, Disegni umbri (1984); pp. 13-31 (for the sketchbook) p. 125, no. 46 (for the drawing), App. no. 122 (for the painting by Perugino)